The promotor fidei is a canon lawyer tasked to find every issue, item, foible, wart and weak spot that could be found on any individual considered for canonization, or sainthood. As that devil’s advocate sought to disprove every miracle and debunk every tale of wonder about the proposed saint, the aim was not just to be a gadfly, but out of a sense of duty to protect the church from itself.
Mitchell Swann has joined the Board of Green Building United. Through education, advocacy, and strategic initiatives Green Building United, formed in 2002 and formerly know as Delaware Valley Green Buildings Council, informs and engages individuals and organizations to transform the way buildings and communities are designed, built, and operated.
One of the most effective ways to avoid unnecessary construction problems is to ensure that a complete and thorough design review is performed at the A/E level prior to drawings and specifications going out to bid. The design review should be performed by the architects and engineers that are preparing the plans and specifications for
Once upon a time in Philadelphia, a charity hospital was seeking to modernize and expand its facility. Fundraising and design work had proceeded for a number of years, however, there never seemed to be quite enough money in the building fund to begin the project. Nevertheless, each spring the administrator Sister Margaret would call the
Problems stemming from “value engineering” are a common source point in many of our forensic engineering and claims management engagements involving systems, equipment or materials where the actual performance is found to be ‘problematic’ with respect to project expectations. Misunderstandings concerning the purpose and intent of value engineering are often at the heart of the
by Robert C. McCue, PE; E. Mitchell Swann, PE; and Michelle N. Delehanty, PE Where is the critical path? This is one of the questions most often asked concerning schedule analysis. For some types of projects it is easy to anticipate where the critical path should be; for instance in high-rise building construction, the critical